Friday, 26 June 2020

Study 186

Árpád Rusz
Pat a mat
2019
Special Prize

White wins

1. g7! Bxg7 1... Ke6+ 2. Ka2 Kf7 3. Qh7 Bxg7 4. Qxh4 +- 2. Qb2+

a) 2... Kf5 3. Qxg7 Ne6 4. Qh7+ 4. Qf7+? Ke5 5. Qh5+ Nf5 =; 4. Qg3? Ng6 = 4... Kg4 4... Ng6 5. Qf7+! +- "North" (echo)

5. Qd7 Kf5 6. Qd3+ Kf6 6... Kg4 7. Qe2+ Kf5 8. Qh5+ +- 7. Qc3+ Kf7 7... Ke7 8. Qb4+ +- 8. Qh3 Ng6 9. Qf5+! +- "South" (echo)

b) 2... Ke6 3. Qxg7 Nf5 4. Qg8+ Kd7 4... Nf7 5. Qg6+! +- "East" (echo)

5. Qg4 Ke6 6. Qc4+ Kf6 6... Kd7 7. Qb5+ Ke6 8. Qe8+ +- 7. Qc3+ Kg6 8. Qc8 Nf7 9. Qe6+! +- "West" (echo)

Study 185

Árpád Rusz
Die Schwalbe
2020

White wins

1. b5+! Rxb5 2. Rc6+! 2. Ra8+? Kb7 3. Kxb5 Kxa8 = 2... Rb6

3. Rg6!! mutual zugzwang 3... Ka7 3... hxg6 4. h7 Rb8 5. hxg6 +- 4. Rg7+ Rb7 5. Ka5 mutual zugzwang 5... Kb8 6. Ka6 Ka8! cyclic zugzwang - WTM. The only way to win is by reaching the same position but with black to move. (6... Rc7 7. Kb6 +-)

7. Rg5 or 7. Rg6 Rb8 8. Rf6! etc. but no 7. Rg1?! Rb1! 8. Rxb1? stalemate; 7. Rxb7? stalemate 7... Rb8 8. Rf5! 8. Re5? Rf8! = 8... Rb7 9. Rf8+ Rb8 10. Rf7 Rb7! 11. Rg7! +- cyclic zugzwang - BTM

Study 184

Árpád Rusz
Tehtäväniekka
2017-19
1st Prize

Draw

1. g7! Nc4+! 1... Nf3+ 2. Kc2 Rg1 3. a7 =; 1... Nb3+ 2. Ke2 Rg1 3. a7 = 2. Kxc4 2. Ke2? Rg1 3. a7 Nb6 -+ 2... Rc1+ 3. Kb5 Rc8 4. Kb6 Rb8+ 5. Ka7 Kc7 6. g8=Q Rxg8 stalemate

Thematic try:

1. a7? Ne4+! 2. Kxe4 2. Kc2 Ra1 3. g7 Nf6 -+ 2... Re1+ 3. Kf5 Re8 4. Kf6 Rf8+ 5. Kg7 Ke7 6. a8=Q Rxa8 -+ There is no stalemate because of the extra h-file.

Thursday, 16 January 2020

Study 183

Árpád Rusz
Mikitovics-70 JT
2020
- draw section -
4th Place

Draw

1. Rh2! White has to hide its rook! The rook wouldn't be safe on g3: 1. Rg3? Kd4 2. Kd6 Ke4 3. Ke6 Kf4 -+ The rook is caught! 1... Kb4 2. Kb7! Thematic try: 2. Kb6? Kxa4 3. Ka6 The close opposition doesn't work. Kb4 4. Kb6 Kc4 5. Kc6 Kd4 6. Kd6 Ke4 7. Ke6 Kf3 (7... Kf4? 8. Kf7 Kg3 9. Rxg2+! Rxg2 10. Kxg7 =; 7... Re1? 8. Rxg2 Kf3+ 9. Kf7 =) 8. Kf7 Ra1 (b1, c1) 9. Rxg2 Ra7+! -+ 2... Kxa4

3. Ka8!! Distant opposition! The king must be also hidden. 3... Kb5 3... Ka3 4. Ka7 Ka2 5. Ka8! Only there! 5... Kb2 6. Kb8 Kc2 7. Kc8 Kd2 8. Kd8 Ke2 9. Ke8 Ke3 10. Ke7 Kd3 11. Kd7 Kc3 12. Kc7 Kb3 13. Kb7 Ka3 14. Ka7 Ka2 15. Ka8 positional draw 4. Kb7 Kb4 5. Kb8! Kc5 6. Kc7 Kc4 7. Kc8! Kd5 8. Kd7 Kd4 9. Kd8! Ke5 10. Ke7 Ke4 11. Ke8! Kf3

12. Kf8! White should avoid the f7 square. 12... Ra1 13. Rxg2! Kxg2 14. Kxg7 =

Study 182

Árpád Rusz
Mikitovics JT
2020
- win section -
7th Place

White wins

1. b8=Q 1. Rxb2? Nxc7 = 1... Nxc7! 2. Qxb2 Nd5+ 3. Ke4 Rd8 3... Rg5 4. Qc1+ +- 4. Rxf3! 4. Qg7? Rd7! 5. Qxd7 Nf6+ =

a) 4... Ra8! The black rook goes to the only square on the board which is safe. But - like in the classical Q vs R Philidor position - white can pass the move to black making the rook move again. 4... Bxf3+ 5. Kxf3 Rf8+ 6. Kg3 Rg8+ 7. Kh4! (7. Kh3? Nf4+ =) 7... Nf4 8. Qc1+ +-; 4... Rd7 5. Qc1+ Kh2 6. Qh6+ Kg1 7. Qg6 +-; 4... Re8+ 5. Kd4 Bxf3 6. Qb1+ Kg2 7. Qg6+ Kf2 8. Qxe8 +- pseudo-fortress; 4... Rf8 5. Qc1+ Kh2 6. Qh6+ +-

5. Qg7!! 5. Kxd5? Bxf3+ =; 5. Qc1+? Kh2 6. Qh6+ (6. Qd2 Ra2! 7. Qxd5 Rf2 =) 6... Kg1 7. Qc1+ (7. Qg7 Ra3 =) 7... Kh2 positional draw; 5. Qb3? Rf8 =; 5. Qc2? Nf6+ = 5... Ra2 (5... Bxf3+ 6. Kxf3 Ra3+ 7. Kf2 Ra2+ 8. Ke1! (8. Kf1? Ne3+ =) 8... Ne3 9. Qh6+ +-; 5... Ra3 6. Qh6+ Kg1 7. Qc1+ +-; 5... Ra4+ 6. Ke5 Bxf3 7. Qh7+ Kg2 8. Qc2+ Kg3 9. Qxa4 +- pseudo-fortress; 5... Ra6 6. Qh8+ Kg1 7. Qd4+ Kh1 8. Qd1+! +- (8. Qxd5? Rf6 =); 5... Rc8 6. Qa1+ Kh2 7. Qe5+ Kh1 8. Qh5+! +- (8. Qxd5? Rc3 =))


position A

6. Qh7+! Kg1 7. Kd4! 7. Ke5? Re2+ = 7... Rd2+ 7... Ra4+ 8. Ke5! Bxf3 9. Qb1+ Kg2 10. Qc2+ Kg3 11. Qxa4 +- pseudo-fortress; 7... Bxf3 8. Qb1+ +- 8. Rd3 Nf6!

9. Qa7! battery 9. Qh6? Rxd3+ 10. Kxd3 Ne4! = fortress 9... Rxd3+ 10. Kxd3+ Check! There is no time for Ne4. 10... Kh1 11. Qa1+ +-

b) 4... Rg8


position B

5. Qb1+! Kh2 6. Ke5! 6. Kd4? Rg4+ = 6... Rg5+ 6... Bxf3 7. Qh7+ +-; 6... Re8+ 7. Kd4! Bxf3 8. Qh7+ Kg2 9. Qg6+ Kf2 10. Qxe8 +- pseudo-fortress 7. Rf5 Nc3!

8. Qb8! battery 8. Qc1? Rxf5+ 9. Kxf5 Ne4! = fortress 8... Rxf5+ 9. Kxf5+ Check! There is no time for Ne4. 9... Kh1 10. Qh8+ +-

Study 181

Árpád Rusz
Mikitovics-70 JT
2020
- win section -
6th Place

White wins

1. Nd7+! Qxd7 2. Bc5+! Kxc5 3. Rc1+ Kb6 4. Rc6+! Qxc6 5. bxc6 Bxh5 6. c7 Is it over? Not yet! Black has a counterplay by setting a stalemate trap! 6... g6! During the introduction, White has lost a Knight, a Bishop, a Rook, and a Queen. We will see some kind of a Phoenix promotion now, right? No!

7. Kc8!! anti-Phoenix 7. c8=Q? echo stalemate 7... Kc6 8. Kd8 Kd6! An echo stalemate trap!

9. Ke8!! The Pawn is also sacrified! Does White really want to win this endgame? 9. c8=Q? echo stalemate; 9. Kc8?! Kc6 10. Kb8 Kb6 positional draw 9... Kxc7 10. Ke7 mutual zugzwang


Position A

10... Kc8! 10... Kc6 11. Kxe6 Kc7 12. Kxe5 Kd7 13. Kf6 +-

Thematic try: 11. Kxe6? Kd8 12. Kd6 (12. Kxe5 Ke7 13. Kd5 Kd7 14. e5 Ke7 15. e6 Ke8 16. Kd6 Kd8 17. e7+ Ke8 18. Ke6 stalemate) 12... Ke8 13. Kc6 Ke7 14. Kc7 Ke6! The e6 pawn is missing! 15. Kc6 Ke7 positional draw

The right move is 11. Kd6! Kd8 12. Kc6 Ke7 12... Kc8 13. Kb6 Kb8 14. Kxa6 +- 13. Kc7! The kings have interchanged their places! 13. Kb6? Kd6 14. Kxa5 Kc5 15. Kxa6 Kd4 =


Position B

13... Ke8 Unfortunately, the e6 square was not empty. 14. Kb6 Kd7 15. Kxa5! 15. Kxa6? Kc6 16. Kxa5 Kc5 17. Ka6 Kd4 = 15... Kc6 16. Kxa6 Kc5 17. a5 Kc6 17... Kd4 18. Kb5(6) Kxe4 19. a6 Kf3 20. a7 Kxg3 21. a8=Q Kh2 22. Qa2+ +- 18. Ka7 Kc7 19. a6 mutual zugzwang 19... Kc8 20. Kb6 +- 20. Ka8?! Kc7 21. a7? Kc8 stalemate

Friday, 3 January 2020

Study 7

This is a 2020 version of a study published in 2002. The initial position now looks much better having no hanging pieces. It is also more economical.

Árpád Rusz
Josten-65 JT
2002-03
- version (2020) -

Draw

1. Ke2 1. Ke1? h3 2. Rh5 g2 3. Kf2 e3+ 4. dxe3+ dxe3+ 5. Kg1 e2 -+ 1... h3 2. Rh5 g2 3. Ng5! h2! 4. Rxh2 g1=Q 5. Nh3+ Kg3 6. Nxg1 Kxh2

Thematic try:
7. Kf2? d3 mutual zugzwang 8. Nf3+ 8. Kf1 Kg3 -+ 8... exf3

9. Kf1 9. Kxf3 Kg1 -+ 9... Kg3 10. Kg1 f2+ 11. Kf1 Kh3! mutual zugzwang 11... Kh2? 12. Kxf2 mutual zugzwang 12... Kh3 13. Kf3 Kh2 14. Kf2 Kh1 15. Kf1 positional draw 12. Kxf2 Kh2 mutual zugzwang 13. Kf1 Kg3 14. Kg1 Kf3 15. Kf1 f4 -+ mutual zugzwang

The right move is:
7. Kf1!! d3 8. Kf2! mutual zugzwang 8. Nf3+? exf3 9. Kf2 Kh1 10. Kf1 f2! mutual zugzwang 11. Kxf2 Kh2 -+ mutual zugzwang 8... f4 9. Nf3+ exf3

10. Kf1 Kg3 11. Kg1 f2+ 12. Kf1 Kh3 13. Kxf2 Kh2 14. Kf1 Kg3 15. Kg1 mutual zugzwang 15... Kf3 16. Kf1 mutual zugzwang 16... Kg3 17. Kg1 f3 18. Kf1 f2 stalemate

Tuesday, 31 December 2019

Study 180

Árpád Rusz & Pavel Arestov
Iriarte MT
2019
- section B1 -
1st/2nd Prize

White wins

1. d4! The start of the first systematic movement. (The "elevator" goes up.) 1. Kxa5? Kxd3 = The black rook will get behind the white pawn on the g-file because the white king cannot find shelter from horizontal checks. 1... Kd3 2. d5 2. Kxa5? Kxd4 3. Kb6 Rh6+ = 2... Kd4 2... Rh4+ 3. Kxa5 Rg4 4. Kb6 (4. d6? Rg6 5. Kb5 Kd4 =) 4... Kd4 5. d6 Kd5 6. Kc7 Ke6 7. Re8+ +- 3. d6 3. Kxa5? Kxd5 4. Kb5 Kd4! 5. Kb4 Kd5 6. Kb5 Kd4 = 3... Kd5 4. Kxa5 Kxd6 5. Kb6! Now the white king can hide from horizontal checks. 5... Kd5 6. Kc7

6... d6 The start of the second systematic movement. (The "elevator" goes down.) 6... Ke6 7. Re8+ +- 7. Kb6! 7. Kd7? Ke5 8. Re8+ Kf6 = The white pawn is pinned. 7... Kd4 The black king should always stay in the shadow of the d-pawn avoiding vertical checks. 8. Kc6 8. Kb5? Rh5+ 9. Kc6 Rg5 10. Kxd6 Rg6+ 11. Ke7 Ke5 12. Kf7 Rf6+ = 8... d5 9. Kb5! Kd3 10. Kc5 d4 11. Kb4! Kd2 12. Kc4 d3 13. Kb3! Kd1 14. Kc3 14. Kb2? d2! = mutual zugzwang (14... Rh2+? 15. Kc3 d2 16. Rd8 Rg2 17. Rxd2+! +-) 14... d2 15. Kb2! mutual zugzwang 15... Rh5 15... Ke2 16. Re8+ +- 16. Rb8! +- 16. Rd8? Rb5+ =

The first version of this study was a miniature: Study 173

Tuesday, 17 December 2019

Study 179

My Christmas Puzzle for this year is a twin study with DUPLEX solutions.

Árpád Rusz
RCS blog
2019

White wins
DUPLEX
Twin B: wR<->bR (the two rooks switch places)

1. Rd8+ 1. b7? Re8 2. Rg6 Rb8 3. Rxg3 Rxb7 = 1... Kh7 2. b7 g2

3. Rh8+! 3. b8=Q? g1=Q+ 4. Qb1+ Qxb1+ 5. Kxb1 = 3... Kg7 4. Rg8+! Kxg8 5. b8=Q+ +-

The DUPLEX stipulation means that black can also win if it is on move from the starting position. Due the symmetry, the solution is similar:

1... Re1+ 2. Ka2 g2 3. b7

3... Ra1+! 4. Kb2 Rb1+! 5. Kxb1 g1=Q+ -+

The twin also features rook sacrifices:


Twin B

1. b7 1. Rxg3? Rxb6 = 1... Ra6+ 1... Rd8 2. Rxg3 Rb8 3. Rb3 Kg7 4. Ka(b)2 Kf6 5. Ka3! Ke6 6. Ka4 Kd6 7. Ka5 Kc7 8. Ka6 Rh8 9. Ka7 +-

2. Ra3!! Rxa3+ 2... Rb6 3. Ra8+ +- 3. Kb2 g2 4. b8=Q+ +-

With BTM, we have a similar solution. I will give just the main line:

1... g2 2. Rh3+

2... Rh6!! 3. Rxh6 Kg7 4. b7 g1Q+ -+

Watch this study on a dynamic board!

Twin A: Click here!

Twin B: Click here!

Study 178

Árpád Rusz
Magyar Sakkvilág
2019

White wins

1. Qd6+! 1. Rd6+? Bd5! -+; 1. Qxa3+? Ke2 = 1... Ke2 1... Bd5 2. Qxa3+ Ke2 3. Rc2 Qh7 4. Qc3 +- 2. Re6+ Kd1! Black is preparing a stalemate combination! 2... Kxf3 3. Qxa3+ (3. Qxd7? Bxd7 =) 3... Kg4 4. Rg8+ Kf5 5. Qh3#; 2... Kf2 3. Qc5+ Kf1 4. Qc4+ +-; 2... Kf1 3. Rd8! d1=Q+ 4. Qxd1+ Qxd1+ 5. Rxd1+ +- 3. Rxc6 3. Rd8? a2+! 4. Kxa2 Bd5+! 5. Qxd5 Qxd5+ 6. Rxd5 b1=Q+ 7. Kxb1 stalemate 3... a2+! 4. Kxb2! Thematic try: 4. Kxa2? Qxe6+! check! (4... b1=Q+? 5. Kxb1 Qb7+ 6. Rb6 Qxb6+ 7. axb6! +-) 5. Qxe6 b1=Q+ 6. Kxb1 stalemate 4... a1=Q+! 4... Qb7+ 5. Rb6 +-; 4... Qg7+ 5. Rf6 +- 5. Kxa1

Starting from this position, the main line splits into two variations:

a. 5... Qxe6! no check!


Queen battery

6. Qxd2+!! White is firing the Queen battery! 6. Qxe6? echo stalemate 6... Kxd2 7. Rxe6 +-

b. 5... Qxc6!


Queen battery

6. Qxd2+!! White is firing a Queen battery again! 6. Qxc6? echo stalemate 6... Kxd2 7. Rxc6 +-

Watch this study on a dynamic board! Click here!

Monday, 16 December 2019

Study 177

Árpád Rusz
Gravure
2019
3rd Honourable Mention

White wins

1. Bc5 Qxb7+! 1... Bxe4 2. Ba7+ +-; 1... Qxd6+ 2. Bxd6# 2. Nxb7 Bxe4

Fork! Unfortunately, the white bishop occupies the c5 square, so the knights cannot defend each other…
3. Ba7+! 3. Bd6+? Ka8! 4. Ndc5 (4. Nbc5 Bxd3+ 5. Nxd3 stalemate) 4... Bxb7+ 5. Nxb7 stalemate 3... Ka8! The black king wants a stalemate. Now the c5 square is empty. Should the knights defend each other? No!

1st thematic try:
4. Nbc5? Bxd3+! 5. Kb6 5. Nxd3 stalemate 5... Bc4! = mutual zugzwang

2nd thematic try:
4. Ndc5? Bxb7+! 5. Kb6 5. Nxb7 stalemate 5... Bc8! = mutual zugzwang

4. Nb4!! Bxb7+ 5. Kb6 mutual zugzwang 5... Bd5 5... Ba6 6. Nd5! Bc4 7. Nc7# 6. Na6! Bc4 7. Nc7#

Watch this study on a dynamic board! Click here!

Study 176

Árpád Rusz
The Problemist
2019

White wins

Try:
1. a8=Q+? Kg1 1... Qg2? 2. Rc1#; 1... Rg2? 2. Rc1+ Kh2 3. Qh8+ +- 2. Rc1+ Qf1+! 2... Kf2? 3. Qa7+ Qe3 4. Rc2+ Kf3 5. Qb7+ Kg3 6. Qg7+ Kf3 7. Qg4# 3. Rxf1+ Kxf1 4. Qa6+ Kg1 5. Qg6+ Rg2 6. Qf6


Position X'

6... Rf2+ -+

Solution:
1. Rc1+! Qf1+! 1... Kg2 2. a8=Q+ Qf3+ 3. Qxf3+ Kxf3 4. Rc3+ Ke2 5. Ra3 Kd1 6. a6 Kc1 7. a7 Rh8 8. Rxa2 +- 2. Rxf1+ Kg2

3. Rh1!! 3. a8=Q+? Kxf1 -+ 3... Kxh1 3... Rxh1 4. a8=Q+ +- 4. a8=Q+ Kg1 5. Qg8+ Rg2 6. Qh8! +-


Position X

Watch this study on a dynamic board! Click here!